Skip to Main Content

EGIS (Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society): Systematic searching and systematic reviews

Systematic searching

A systematic review is a very specific type of review, originally used in the medical sciences.  If publishing a systematic review, check the guidelines as there are usually strict criteria regarding the structure, protocol, methodology, search methods, data extraction, screening and analysis and reporting.

Generally speaking, the 'systematic literature search' part of the review must have a clear protocol driven question, a comprehensive and replicable search strategy and a clearly documented search process.

Even if you are not undertaking/publishing a systematic review in the strictest sense, most literature searches, in all subject areas, would benefit from a more systematic approach.


It is likely that you will need to search across multiple databases and adapt your search strings to each database.  You will need to balance search specificity and specificity (depending on your project scope).

For help with systematic searching (developing your search terms, defining your inclusion/exclusion criteria, selecting and effectively searching appropriate databases, and managing your search results), please contact the EGIS Librarian.

Systematic review examples

For examples of systematic reviews see:


Social Sciences and Environment

Literature Review Books and Resources

EGIS Academic Librarian (Edinburgh Campus and Distance Learners)

Profile Photo
Sarah Kelly
Schedule An Appointment
If you wish to discuss: finding information, literature/systematic searching, citing and referencing, EndNote, or any other Library resource/service, please 'Email Me' or 'Schedule an Appointment' using the buttons above.

I am based at the Edinburgh Campus.
You can choose an 'In Person (Edinburgh Campus Library)' or an 'Online (Teams)' appointment.

If you can't find a suitable appointment time, please email me.

Classes and documents

We run a a number of classes as part of our 'finding sources' series:

If there are no classes scheduled, please get in contact with the Academic Librarian for your School:

For slides/learning materials for these classes, see:


Cochrane reviews have very strict criteria: